“A true police officer fights not because he hates what’s in front of him…
But because he loves who stands who stands behind him.”
Delhi Police is a saga that has beginnings in the Dark Ages of the West, and the rising of the Sun of the East, it’s in the Ancient Kotwalis to the modern upkeep of multi-storeyed state of the art facilities, from the horses to sedans in chase of the criminals. Here are some facts that’ll let you see what the Delhi police was and is now:
Beginnings: Delhi Police-The Kotwals of the Sultanate
History of Delhi goes way back to famed institution-the Kotwal. Malikul Umara Faqruddin is said to be the first Kotwal of Delhi. He became the Kotwal at the age of 40 in 1237 A.D. and was also simultaneously appointed as the Naibe-Ghibat (Regent in absence). Because of his integrity and sagacity, he had a very long tenure, holding the post through the reigns of three Sultans Balban, Kaikobad, and Kaikhusrau. One occasion when some Turkish nobles had approached him to secure the withdrawal of Balban’s order. confiscating their estates, the Kotwal is recorded to have said, “My words will carry no weight if I accept any bribe from you”. It is presumed that the Kotwal or Police Headquarters was then located at Qila Rai Pithora or today’s Mehrauli.
Through the reign of Mughals: Delhi Police
When Emperor Shah Jahan shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi, in 1648, he appointed Ghaznafar Khan as the first Kotwal of the new city, bestowing on him also the very important office of Mir-i-Atish (Chief of Artillery).
The institution of Kotwal came to an end with the crushing of the revolt of 1857.
Interestingly, the last Kotwal of Delhi, appointed just before the eruption of the first war of freedom, was Gangadhar Nehru, father of Pandit Motilal Nehru and grandfather of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister.
British Organising or Anglicising: Delhi Police
An organized form of policing was established by the British after the first war of freedom of 1857, with the adoption of the Indian Police Act of 1861. Delhi Being a part of Punjab, remained a unit of the Punjab Police even after becoming the Capital of India in 1912. In the same year, the first Chief Commissioner of Delhi was appointed and was vested with the powers and functions of the Inspector General of Police.
In the city, there were three Large police stations of Kotwali, Subzi Mandi and Paharganj. In the Civil Lines, there were spacious police barracks where the Reserve, Armed Reserve, and recruits were accommodated.
Post Independence: Delhi Police
Delhi Police was reorganized in 1946 when its strength was almost doubled. In the wake of partition, a large influx of refugee population rolled in and there was a sharp rise in crime in 1948. It was on February 16, 1948, that the first IGP of Delhi Was appointed and the total strength of Delhi Police was increased by 1951 to about 8,000 with one Inspector General of Police and eight Superintendents of Police. A post of Deputy Inspector General of Police was created in 1956. With the rise in the population of Delhi, the strength of Delhi Police kept on increasing and in the year 1961, it was over 12,000. Presently, the sanctioned strength of Delhi Police is 83,762.
The Srivastava Committee:
The population of Delhi and the attendant problems of policing kept on multiplying and following the recommendations of the Srivastava Committee, the strength of Delhi Police was increased to the present level of above 76,000.
Largest Metropolitan Police:
At present, there are 6 ranges, 11 districts and 184 police stations in Delhi.In 2015, sanctioned strength of DP was 84,536 (including I.R. Battalions).
Today, Delhi Police is perhaps the largest metropolitan police in the world,larger than London, Paris,New York and Tokyo.
SWAT Commandos were formed in 2009 in wake of 26/11,they saw action first in 2010 Commonwealth Games,they were tasked with protection duties. They are trained on the lines of National Security Guard. All the commandos are under 28 years of age thus, making them fit and capable of tasks, meant for commandos. Their main work is to fight against any terrorist attack if occurs in Delhi NCR. They have been trained exclusively in Krav Maga.
Things that make Delhi Police a force to reckon with:
1.Delhi was one of the first city to get an all women SWAT team.
2.About 25 percent of Delhi police strength is earmarked for VVIP security
3.Before 1948 Delhi was part of Punjab Police.
4. The SWAT is provided with various state-of-art equipment and latest technology.
Weapons used by them-
b) Heckler & Koch MP5
e) Night vision
Sources: Delhi Police